Methods for treating toenail fungus

Toenail fungus is a common dermatological pathology that is diagnosed in almost every fifth person. Mycosis of the feet (onychomycosis) is caused by damage to the nails or feet by fungus - red trichophyton. Molds and candida often join colonies of trichophyton. The causes of the disease can be abrasions, wounds, cuts and calluses on the feet, improper hygienic care of the feet, taking antibiotics and other drugs, excessive sweating of the feet, weak immunity and other factors.

The doctor performs a diagnostic examination of the toenails of a patient with onychomycosis

Externally, nail fungus manifests itself as discoloration and thickening of the nails, which can lead to their destruction or disintegration. The fungus is located between the base and the nail plate, which gives the nail plate a white, gray, yellow, brown, sometimes green or black hue.

The tactics and treatment regimen for nail fungus are determined by the doctor individually, taking into account the location, spread and severity of fungal lesions, the duration of the disease and the presence of concomitant diseases.

As a result of the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi, toxic substances accumulate in the human body. They are transmitted through the bloodstream, which provokes deterioration of metabolic processes and increase the body's susceptibility to the influence of external factors. Prolonged onychomycosis can cause the development of allergic reactions, exacerbation of chronic pathologies and weaken the immune system.

To avoid serious complications when the first symptoms of toenail fungus are detected, consult a doctor who will prescribe appropriate treatment.

Methods for treating toenail fungus

In order to prescribe an effective therapeutic regimen, it is important to determine the cause of the mycosis and the type of fungus. To do this, the doctor collects clinical data during the consultation, prescribes a cultural and microscopic examination of scrapings from the affected nail. In some cases, nail particle analysis and PCR diagnosis are prescribed.

On average, therapy with athlete's foot lasts 3-6 months. Given the nature and prevalence of fungal lesions, the severity of clinical manifestations and the type of pathogen, foot fungal therapy may include hardware treatment of the feet, taking systemic medications, using topical medications, and following a number of preventative measures.

Laser treatment of toenail fungus

Previously, the treatment of onychomycosis was carried out using radical methods: the affected nail was removed surgically, after which a long period of rehabilitation began. Thanks to the development of modern technologies today, the hardware treatment of nails with a laser is used to treat fungal lesions. Using laser beams, the doctor can remove only the affected areas of the nail without damaging healthy tissue. Compared to surgical removal, laser therapy for foot fungus is characterized by minimal postoperative complications and a short recovery period.

Hardware removal of the nail plate is prescribed when more than 40% of the surface is affected. The number of sessions of laser therapy is determined by the doctor individually.

After laser exposure, the nail plate, while growing, should be treated with special topical preparations. Immunomodulators and antibacterial agents may also be prescribed.

Preparations and means for the treatment of toenail fungus

The therapy of the initial stages of mycosis, when less than 40% of the nail plate is affected, is performed with the help of external drugs (solutions, varnishes, ointments, gels, creams). To achieve the desired results, it is important to adhere to the prescribed regimen and dosage of the drug.

The choice of external agent for the treatment of mycosis of the feet is made taking into account the location of fungal lesions and the type of skin. Dry skin is treated with preparations with a high fat content. Ointments for the soles and suspensions for the spaces between the toes are prescribed. Also, mycosis of the feet is treated with varnishes and special creams. In order for the funds to penetrate better into the nail, the affected nail plate is removed (as indicated).

After 2 weeks of treatment, the external medicine must be replaced with another, as during this period the fungal infection has become resistant to the medicine used. For nail growth, the doctor prescribes special drugs that should be used to treat the affected area for about a year. If the intermigital spaces or legs are damaged by mycosis, the ointments are used for a month.

To achieve successful results, topical therapy is combined with systemic therapy. In this case, the patient is prescribed antifungal and immunostimulatory drugs. The effectiveness of systemic medication will depend on compliance with the rules of the prescribed treatment regimen. The choice of drug and its dose are determined by the doctor individually.

Topical drug therapy is prescribed only in the presence of restrictions on the use of systemic drugs and in the early stages of fungal lesions.

Prevention and recommendations after complex treatment of toenail fungus

If the scheme of therapeutic action is chosen correctly, the mycosis does not return. Since the subsequent development of the disease is due to re-infection, the most effective treatment for toenail fungus is its prevention.

In order to avoid re-infection with the fungus and to achieve maximum results from the therapy, the following recommendations should be followed:

  • Treat all places where the fungus can remain with antibacterial drugs;
  • Disinfect the bottom and walls of the bath with special means;
  • Change your slippers and treat sneakers, shoes, boots and other shoes with ultraviolet rays or a special agent;
  • Wash thoroughly and iron bed linen, towels, tights and socks;
  • Disinfect manicure supplies;
  • Use personal hygiene products in public places (gym, pool);
  • Monitor the condition of your feet regularly.

Self-treatment of onychomycosis can provoke the appearance of adverse complications, so if you find the first signs of nail fungus, contact a competent specialist.